Mortality Profile of the Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native Population, 2019

Authors: Elizabeth Arias, Ph.D., Jiaquan Xu, M.D., Sally Curtin, M.A., Brigham Bastian, B.S., and Betzaida Tejada-Vera, M.S., Division of Vital Statistics

Publication Year: 2021

Last Updated: November 9, 2021

Journal: National Vital Statistics Reports

Keywords: Awareness; Covid-19; Data Collection; Health Disparities

Abstract: Due to the lack of adequate data and research on the mortality rates of the American Indian/Alaska Native population, researchers for this report took initiative and complied the death rates for the U.S. non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) population for 2019. The data for the (AI/AN) population is compared amongst non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic populations. The data used to create this study is from the final mortality data for 2019, July 1, 2019, the 2010 decennial census; the 2018 and 2019 linked birth/infant death data files; and a data set consisting of 2010 decennial census AIAN records linked to mortality data.

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Disaggregating Data to Measure Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Outcomes and Guide Community Response — Hawaii, March 1, 2020–February 28, 2021

Authors: Joshua J. Quint, PhD1, Miriam E. Van Dyke, PhD, Hailey Maeda, MPH J. Keʻalohilani Worthington, MPH, May Rose Dela Cruz, Dr. Joseph Keaweʻaimoku Kaholokula, PhD, Chantelle Eseta Matagi, Catherine M. Pirkle, PhD, Emily K. Roberson, PhD, Tetine Sentell, PhD, Lisa Watkins-Victorino, PhD, Courtni A. Andrews, MPH, Katherine E. Center, PhD, Renee M. Calanan, PhD, Kristie E.N. Clarke, MD, Delight E. Satter, MPH, Ana Penman-Aguilar, PhD, Erin M. Parker, PhD, Sarah Kemble, MD

Publication Year: 2021

Last Updated: September 17, 2021

Journal: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention: MMWR

Keywords: Awareness, Cultural Sensitivity and Appropriateness, Data Collection, Health Disparities

Abstract: Research shows that Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander populations have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19. Despite being distinctly different groups and populations, data from these populations is often grouped together in analyses. This unfortunately can limit the understanding of disparities among diverse groups such as Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Asian subpopulations. That is why, in order to assess disparities in COVID-19 outcomes among Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Asian populations an all inclusive study of all population groups was done using 21,005 COVID-19 cases and 449 COVID-19–associated deaths reported to the Hawaii State Department of Health (HDOH) during March 1, 2020–February 28, 2021.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7037a1.htm?s_cid=mm7037a1_w

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Report on Adult Vaccination Equity for Natives (RAVEN) — December 2021

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Missing or Murdered Indigenous Women: New Efforts Are Underway but Opportunities Exist to Improve the Federal Response

Authors: Government Accountability Office
Publication Year: 2021
Last Updated: Oct 28, 2021
Journal: Government Accountability Office
Keywords: Awareness; Data Collection; Development; Minority Groups; Race; Violence; Women's Health

Short Abstract: Research has proven that AI/AN women in the U.S. experience higher rates of violence than most other women. Due to this, tribal and federal officials have stated that this incidence of violence constitutes a crisis. Due to lack of an adequate response/data, GAO was asked to review the federal response to the missing or murdered AI/AN women crisis. This report examines the not only the numbers of missing and murdered AI/AN women, but also the DOD and DOJ's response thus far.

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COVID-19 Vaccination in American Indians and Alaska Natives – Lessons from Effective Community Responses

Authors: Raymond Foxworth, Nicole Redvers, Marcos A Moreno, Victor A Lopez-Carmen, Gabriel Sanchez and James Shultz
Publication Year: 2021
Last Updated:
Journal: New England Journal of Medicine
Keywords: Infection Disease; Vaccination

Short Abstract: Perspective written in NJEM reflecting on the high rate of vaccination in the AI/AN population reported by CDC (14% higher than NH-White in September 2021) and discusses reasons why the COVID-19 vaccination campaign was effective up to this point.

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COVID-19 Vaccination in American Indians and Alaska Natives – Lessons from Effective Community Responses

Authors: Raymond Foxworth, Nicole Redvers, Marcos A Moreno, Victor A Lopez-Carmen, Gabriel Sanchez and James Shultz

Publication Year: 2021

Last Updated: 12/20/2021

Journal: New England Journal of Medicine

Keywords: Infection Disease; Vaccination

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–NO Abstract Available —

Perspective written in NJEM reflecting on the high rate of vaccination in the AI/AN population reported by CDC (14% higher than NH-White in September 2021) and discusses reasons why the COVID-19 vaccination campaign was effective up to this point.

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COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality Among American Indian/Alaska Native and White Persons — Montana, March 13–November 30, 2020

Authors: Laura L. Williamson, MPH, Todd S. Harwell, MPH, Todd M. Koch, MPH, Stacey L. Anderson, MPH, Magdalena K. Scott, MPH, James S. Murphy, Greg S. Holzman, MD, Helen F Tesfai, MPH

Publication Year: 2021

Last Updated: April 9, 2021

Journal: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

Keywords: Covid-19; Health Care Access; Health Disparities; Health Care Reform

Short Abstract: There have been long standing differences in infectious disease mortality rates among American Indian or Alaska Native (AI/AN) persons in the United States in comparison to their white counterparts. Due to this, this report publishes findings that highlight the importance of using state-level surveillance to develop state and tribal COVID-19 vaccine allocation strategies. It also emphasizes the importance of informing local implementation of culturally appropriate public health measures that might help reduce COVID-19 incidence and mortality in AI/AN communities.

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Provisional Numbers and Rates of Suicide by Month and Demographic Characteristics: United States, 2020

Authors: Sally C. Curtin, M.A., Division of Vital Statistics, Holly Hedegaard, M.D., Division of Analysis and Epidemiology, and Farida B. Ahmad, M.P.H., Division of Vital Statistics
Publication Year: 2020
Last Updated:
Journal: Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
Keywords: Awareness; Covid-19; Cultural Sensitivity and Appropriateness; Data Collection; Suicide and Suicide Prevention

Short Abstract: This report includes the number of deaths by suicide by demographics such as sex and race. This report is for the year 2020 and compares their findings with the final numbers for 2019. The age-adjusted suicide rate was 2% lower in 2020 than in 2019 for males (21.9 compared with 22.4) and 8% lower for females (5.5 compared with 6.0). Females in all race and Hispanic-origin groups experienced declines in suicide rates between 2019 and 2020, although only the 10% decline for non-Hispanic white females was significant. Rates declined for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic Asian males but increased for non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native, and Hispanic males.

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Planting the Seeds for High-Quality Program Evaluation in Public Health

Authors: Josephine Malilay, Ph.D., M.P.H.
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Journal: National Asthma Control Program (NACP)
Keywords: Health Disparities; Health Care Reform

Abstract: This textbook has been created by the National Asthma Control Program (NACP). It has been created with the hopes of being used as a tool for improving programs and closing the gap between practitioners and academic settings.

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