Authors: LaVallie DL, Gabbe SG, Grossman DC., Larson EB, Baldwin LM., Andrilla CH
Publication Year: 2003
Last Updated: 2016-01-08 16:27:53
Journal: Journal of Repoductive Medicine
Keywords: maternal characteristics; American Indian; Alaska Native; African American; white; birth/infant death; prenatal care; macrosomia; muscuoloskeletal; chromosomal; gestational diabetes; pregnancy outcome;
Outcomes: To describe perinatal outcomes and maternal characteristics among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women with diabetes in pregnancy.
OBJECTIVE: To describe perinatal outcomes and maternal characteristics among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women with diabetes in pregnancy.
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of live births to AI/AN, African American and white women with diabetes (242,715) during pregnancy for the 1989-1991 period (latest available at the time of study) was conducted utilizing a linked birth/infant death database from the National Center for Health Statistics. AI/AN perinatal outcomes and maternal characteristics were compared to those of African American and white women. Similar analyses compared urban and rural AI/AN populations.
RESULTS: AI/AN women were more likely than white women to receive inadequate prenatal care (10.4%), to have higher rates of pregnancy-induced hypertension (9.1%) and to have significantly lower rates of primary cesarean delivery (16.9% vs. 22.3%). The rate of macrosomia among births to AI/AN women (24.2%) was notably higher as compared to that in the white population (17.9%). Rates of musculoskeletal and chromosomal anomalies were also higher among AI/AN women, 9 and 4, respectively, per 1,000 live births, as compared to 6 and 2 per 1,000 for the white population.
CONCLUSION: Multiple maternal risk factors and birth outcomes demonstrate the need for further research to evaluate methods of improving care in this population. PMID: 12971141 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Link to Original Article.