Authors: Perry C.L., McGuire MT. , McGuire MT. , Neumark-Sztainer D.
Publication Year: 2002
Last Updated: 2015-12-28 13:38:42
Journal: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Keywords: Adolescence; Adolescent Nutrition; Adult; Child; Diet Surveys; Female; Male; Minnesota; Questionnaires; Sex Distribution; Urban Population; Vegetarian psychology statistics, numerical data
A study of whether adolescent vegetarians were more likely than nonvegetarian peers to meet the dietary recommendations of the Healthy People 2010 objectives and to examine differences in other nutrients between these 2 groups.
OBJECTIVES:To examine whether adolescent vegetarians were more likely than nonvegetarian peers to meet the dietary recommendations of the Healthy People 2010 objectives and to examine differences in other nutrients between these 2 groups.
DESIGN: A total of 4746 adolescents from 31 middle and high schools in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota. Data were collected via self-report surveys, with a student response rate of 81.5%.
SETTING: Urban secondary schools.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants were equally divided by sex. The mean age was 14.9 years; 34.3% were in junior high school and 65.7% in high school. The racial/ethnic distribution was 48.5% white, 19.0% African American, 19.2% Asian American, 5.8% Hispanic, 3.5% American Indian, and 3.9% mixed or other.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Questions on vegetarian status and whether particular foods (eggs, dairy foods, chicken, fish) were excluded. Dietary intake was assessed using the Youth and Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire. RESULTS: Vegetarian adolescents were significantly more likely than nonvegetarian adolescents to meet the Healthy People 2010 objectives. This was particularly noteworthy for total fat (70% vs 48%), saturated fat (65% vs 39%), daily servings of vegetables (26% vs 14%), and 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables (39% vs 28%). Vegetarians were also less likely to eat fast food or drink regular soda and fruit drinks. Vegetarians consumed less vitamin B(12), more diet soda, more caffeine, and more iron. CONCLUSION: Adolescent vegetarians have a dietary pattern that is more likely than nonvegetarians to meet the Healthy People 2010 objectives. PMID: 11980547 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Link to Original Article.