Social Support and Its Effects on Attempted Suicide Among AI-AN Native Youth in New Mexico

Authors: Aubrey Bush MPH, General Internal Medicine, Fares Qeadan. PHD
Publication Year: 2019
Last Updated: 2019-10-14 22:51:17
Journal: Archives of Suicide Research
Keywords: social support, suicide attempt, youth, American Indian/Alaska Native, urban/rural

Short Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: This study wanted to see how social support (SS) affects the odds of suicide attempts among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth in New Mexico and is modified by school location and metropolitan status. METHODS: The study used a multiple logistic regression for complex design was used to produce the adjusted odds of suicide attempt by SS using the New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (NM-YRRS) for 2011 (n = 2,730), 2013 (n = 3,171), and 2015 (n = 2,604) while adjusting for age, grade, gender, and maternal education level.


RESULTS: The adjusted odds of suicide attempt among AI/AN students with low support compared to those with high support has declined from 2011 to 2015 (AOR= 5.5, 95% CI 3.3-9.6, in 2011; AOR= 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.7, in 2015). Low SS is a significant risk factor for rural/on reservation students. In contrast, low SS was not a risk factor for AI/AN students who attended schools in urban counties.

CONCLUSION: Results address a gap in current research regarding differences in urban/rural AI/AN youth. In addition to SS, this study indicates there are unknown risk factors that drive suicide attempts for AI/AN youth in off-reservation/urban schools.

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Source: Link to Original Article.
Funding: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group
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